Journal of Medicine, Radiology, Pathology & Surgery May-June (2018) Issue  
 REVIEW ARTICLE
An insight into ultrasonography of salivary glands: A review
Swetha Paulose, Vishwanath Rangdhol, Kavya L, Dhanraj T
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ABSTRACT

A number of imaging techniques are useful in the assessment of the salivary glands, namely, plain film radiography, sialography, ultrasonography (USG), radionuclide imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography. One of the most common salivary gland imaging modalities is USG, which helps in obtaining information regarding salivary gland pathologies successfully with good accuracy. USG is the best at differentiating between intra- and extra-glandular masses as well as between cystic and solid lesions, local nodal metastases, and local invasion in case of tumors. USG can demonstrate the presence of an abscess in an acutely inflamed gland, as well as sialoliths, which appear as echogenic densities that exhibit acoustic shadowing. In this review, authors have focused on the role of USG in imaging salivary glands in healthy and diseased states and their sonographic features.

Keywords: Imaging, salivary glands, ultrasonography

How to cite this article: Paulose S, Rangdhol V, Kavya L, Dhanraj T. An insight into ultrasonography of salivary glands: A review. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:1-6

Received: 01 April 2018;

Accepted: 03 May 2018

 
 REVIEW ARTICLE
Role of salivary biomarkers in the diagnosis of oral cancer: Mini review
Snehashish Ghosh, Preeti Singh, K. Shwetha Nambiar, Vanishri C. Haragannavar, Dominic Augustine, S. V. Sowmya, Roopa S. Rao
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ABSTRACT

Saliva is an oral fluid, comprising 99% of water and 1% of organic and inorganic constituents. Inorganic elements consist of minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, fluoride, and phosphates. Organic elements comprise enzymes, hormones, immunoglobulins, proteins antioxidants, and coagulation factors are present in the saliva. These constituents are present in the saliva at a varying proportion and which tends to vary during oral cancer. Many of these constituents, their altered levels in oral cancer can serve as the potential biomarker and aid in its diagnosis. The aim of this review article is to highlight the importance of saliva in diagnosis, to overview different salivary biomarkers, its uses and acceptance for the early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Keywords: Biomarkers, diagnosis, saliva

How to cite this article: Ghosh S, Singh P, Nambiar KS,

Haragannavar VC, Augustine D, Sowmya SV, Rao RS. Role of salivary biomarkers in the diagnosis of oral cancer: Mini review. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:7-10

Received: 04 April 2018;

Accepted: 03 May 2018

 
 REVIEW ARTICLE
India - National DNA offender database as tool for criminal surveillance: Need for public debate!!!
Sheethal Joy, T. S. Bastian, M. Selvamani, Sajith Abraham
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ABSTRACT

National DNA Databases are well established in many countries across the world, and their applications have expanded into controversial areas. The UK was the pioneer to start with National DNA Database since 1995, and the database was originally intended for sex offenders which was later extended to any criminal offender. Major motive of introducing forensic DNA databases was to provide investigating and leads to solve crime as part of criminal justice law enforcement purposes. Ethical, technical, and legal standards of DNA databases are set differently across each country. In India, Union Government is working on legislations to build up DNA database for offenders. Therefore, proper strategic planning and more debates on public opinion to address these foreseen challenges are the prime of the time in Indian context to develop an efficient system without impingement on policy and human right issues.

Keywords: DNA database, India, National, public debate

How to cite this article: Joy S, Bastian TS, Selvamani M, Abraham S. India - National DNA offender database as tool for criminal surveillance: Need for public debate!!!.. J Med RadiolPathol Surg 2018;5:11-14

Received: 04 March 2018;

Accepted: 25 April 2018

 
 CASE REPORT
Treacher Collins syndrome - A case report
Smita Pattanshetty, Vijayalakshmi S. Kotrashetti, Ramakant Nayak, Jagadish Hosmani
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ABSTRACT

Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a genetic disorder that arises during early embryogenesis and is characterized by abnormality of craniofacial development. It is generally characterized by bilateral symmetrical abnormalities of structures which fall within the first and the second branchial arches. The main clinical findings include midface hypoplasia, micrognathia, microtia, conductive hearing loss, and cleft palate. In this article, a case report of 40-year-old male presenting with TCS is discussed briefly.

Keywords: Autosomal trait, mandibulofacial dysostosis, Treacher Collins-Franceschetti syndrome

How to cite this article: Pattanshetty S, Kotrashetti VS, Nayak R, Hosmani J. Treacher Collins syndrome - A case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:15-17

Received: 11 March 2018;

Accepted: 29 April 2018

 
 CASE REPORT
Ameloblastic fibrodentinoma of the anterior mandible: A rare case report
J. K. Savita, V. K. Varsha, H. C. Girish, Sanjay Murgod
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ABSTRACT

Odontogenic tumors constitute a heterogeneous group of lesions with diverse histopathologic features and clinical manifestations. Ameloblastic fibrodentinoma (AFD) is a rare benign odontogenic tumor and is thought to be a spectrum of AF and ameloblastic fibro-odontoma. AFD presents as slow-growing, asymptomatic lesion commonly associated with an unerupted tooth in the mandibular posterior region. If a lesion involves deciduous dentition, it occurs in the anterior jaw. It is commonly seen in males than in females. It may present as intraosseous or extraosseous variants.

Keywords: Ameloblastic fibrodentinoma , Anterior mandible, Permanent teeth

How to cite this article: Savita JK, Varsha VK, Girish HC, Murgod S. Ameloblastic fibrodentinoma of the anterior mandible: A rare case report. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:18-21.

Received: 25 July 2018;

Accepted: 13 August 2018

 
 CASE REPORT
Sialosis in bulimics and surgical management
A. Abdullakutty, R. Dua, A. Kichenaradjou, D. M. Coombes
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ABSTRACT

Sialosis is a rare condition that can be associated with a number of underlying pathologies. It is a non-specific term used to describe an uncommon, benign, non-neoplastic enlargement of a salivary gland, usually the parotid gland; occasionally, it affects the submandibular glands and rarely, the minor salivary glands. We report a case with significant and persistent bilateral parotid and submandibular gland swelling referred to us from general dental practitioner. Thorough history and investigations concluded the diagnosis of Bulimia associated sialosis. The general dental practitioner is in a unique position to identify such patients with bulimic behavior and refer appropriately. Various options were discussed, and patient opted for bilateral superficial parotidectomy to improve aesthetics. The general dental practitioner may be the first health professional to suspect bulimia.

Keywords: Bulimia, parotidectomy, sialosis

How to cite this article: Abdullakutty A, Dua R, Kichenaradjou A, Coombes DM. Sialosis in bulimics and surgical management. J Med Radiol Pathol Surg 2018;5:22-24.

Received: 18 March 2018

Accepted: 22 April 2018

 
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